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International Council on English Braille (ICEB)

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Braille, a system of raised dots, is the primary literacy medium for people who are blind, deafblind, or have severe low vision. The International Council on English Braille (ICEB coordinates and promotes the use of braille throughout english-speaking countries.


Mid-term Executive meeting 2018

The executive of the ICEB meets face-to-face once every two years, at the start and end of the General Assembly and at a two year interval between Assemblies. The next meeting will be hosted in Dublin, Ireland from Tuesday 17th to Saturday 21st of April. Observers are welcome to attend. Please contact your local braille authority for enquiries.

Braille Signage

The ICEB signage committee has completed its work. A summary of signage standards and practices in ICEB member countries is now available on our signage page.

Braille Music

ICEB's Braille Music Committee has compiled a list of resources on how Braille Music and UEB can be used together.

Survey on UEB representation of apostrophes and quotation marks

We have now closed our survey on UEB symbols used to represent apostrophes and quotation marks. Out thanks are extended to the 616 respondents and all those who distributed information about the survey to their networks.

More than half the respondents were from the United States and almost 20% were from the United Kingdom. There were ten responders from non-ICEB countries in Europe, Asia and Africa.

The two options that received the most votes were: Option 1, no change; and Option 3, using dot 3 for all single quotes and apostrophes, and lower "h" and lower "j" for double quotes. Less than 25% of the votes were for the other two options.

There was not a clear favourite between the two preferred options. For example, braille readers preferred option 3 somewhat more than option 1 while educators preferred option 1 somewhat more than option 3.

Detailed results have been sent to the braille authorities of ICEB's member countries and further input has been provided. The UEB Codes Maintenance Committee representatives are now discussing the implications of any changes to all rules relating to the apostrophe and quotation marks.

A statement of the issue, along with proposed approaches and examples, is given in the following document:

ICEB 6th General Assembly

The ICEB 6th General Assembly was held in Baltimore, Maryland, United States in May 2016. The country reports, papers, and resolutions from the Sixth General Assembly are now available online.

List of Training Resources Updated

ICEB has compiled a list of UEB training and resource materials available from its member countries. This list was last updated in February 2018.

Updated (2013) Edition of the UEB Rulebook Published

The UEB Rulebook was updated in June 2013. Since then, several amendments have been advised. See Unified English Braille (UEB) for details.

Purpose and General Organization of the ICEB

The purpose of the International Council on English Braille is to coordinate and improve standards for braille usage for all English-speaking users of braille. The members of the ICEB are the various countries where English is spoken (and membership is open to all such countries); representatives to ICEB are named by the accepted authorities that set braille standards within those countries. The present membership includes the following eight countries:

The ICEB General Assembly meets every four years. The next General Assembly will be held in the United Kingdom in 2020.

The ICEB's Executive Committee meets continuously by e-mail, in person immediately before and after each General Assembly, and at an interim meeting approximately midway between successive General Assemblies.

The ICEB Constitution was adopted May 31, 1991, revised May 7, 2012.

ICEB General Assembly Archives

ICEB Codes

Further Information

For further information about the ICEB, see ICEB contact information.

See also the current ICEB Brochure for a more complete mission statement, information on activities and sources of funding, and other ways of contacting ICEB.

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ICEB contact information
Page content last updated: March 5, 2018.