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International Council on English Braille (ICEB)


Survey on UEB representation of apostrophes and quotation marks

We have now closed our survey on UEB symbols used to represent apostrophes and quotation marks. Out thanks are extended to the 616 respondents and all those who distributed information about the survey to their networks.

More than half the respondents were from the United States and almost 20% were from the United Kingdom. There were ten responders from non-ICEB countries in Europe, Asia and Africa.

The two options that received the most votes were: Option 1, no change; and Option 3, using dot 3 for all single quotes and apostrophes, and lower "h" and lower "j" for double quotes. Less than 25% of the votes were for the other two options.

There was not a clear favourite between the two preferred options. For example, braille readers preferred option 3 somewhat more than option 1 while educators preferred option 1 somewhat more than option 3.

Detailed results will be sent to the braille authorities of ICEB's member countries with a request for further input. Their recommendations will then be discussed at the next meeting of the ICEB Executive in late November.

A statement of the issue, along with proposed approaches and examples, is given in the following document:

ICEB 6th General Assembly

The ICEB 6th General Assembly was held in Baltimore, Maryland, United States in May 2016. The country reports, papers, and resolutions from the Sixth General Assembly are now available online.

list of Training Resources Updated (June 2016)

ICEB has compiled a list of UEB training and resource materials available from its member countries. This list was updated in June 2016.

Updated (2013) Edition of the UEB Rulebook Published

The UEB Rulebook was updated in June 2013. Since then, several amendments have been advised. See Unified English Braille (UEB) for details.

Purpose and General Organization of the ICEB

The purpose of the International Council on English Braille is to coordinate and improve standards for braille usage for all English-speaking users of braille. The members of the ICEB are the various countries where English is spoken (and membership is open to all such countries); representatives to ICEB are named by the accepted authorities that set braille standards within those countries. The present membership includes the following eight countries:

The ICEB General Assembly meets every four years. The next General Assembly will be held in the United Kingdom in 2020. Previous General Assemblies have been held in the USA (2016), South Africa (2012), Australia (2008), Canada (2004), the USA (1999) and the UK (1995).

The ICEB's Executive Committee meets continuously by e-mail, in person immediately before and after each General Assembly, and at an interim meeting approximately midway between successive General Assemblies.

The ICEB Constitution was adopted May 31, 1991, revised May 7, 2012.

ICEB General Assembly Archives

ICEB Codes

Further Information

For further information about the ICEB, see ICEB contact information.

See also the current ICEB Brochure for a more complete mission statement, information on activities and sources of funding, and other ways of contacting ICEB.

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Page content last updated: August 19, 2017.